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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

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QUEIROS, Sílvia Maria Moreira; SANTOS, Célia Samarina Vilaça de Brito; BRITO, Maria Alice Correia de  y  PINTO, Igor Emanuel Soares. Conditioning factors for the development of the self-care competence in the person with a tracheostomy. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2017, vol.serIV, n.14, pp.57-68. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIV17010.

Background: The development of the self-care competence in the person with a stoma promotes a healthy transition to a life with a stoma. Studies suggest the existence of factors conditioning the development of the ostomy self-care competence. Objectives: To identify the conditioning factors for the development of the self-care competence in the person with a tracheostomy. Methodology: A quantitative, descriptive, and cross-sectional study was conducted in a nonprobability sample composed of 80 participants. Data were collected using the Assessment Form of the Self-Care Competence in the Person with a Tracheostomy. Results: The conditioning factors for the development of the tracheostomy self-care competence were: being a man, having low schooling, having had an emergency surgery, having a temporary ostomy, and having a caregiver. The postoperative period proved to be a facilitating factor. Conclusion: The recognition of the existence of factors conditioning the development of the tracheostomy self-care competence allows nurses to identify conditions of vulnerability in their patients and adapt their interventions with a view to enhancing their autonomy.

Palabras clave : self-care; ostomy; tracheostomy; nursing.

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