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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

SARAIVA, Ana Gabriela da Silva; CHAVES, Cláudia Margarida Correia Balula; DUARTE, João Carvalho  y  AMARAL, Maria Odete Pereira. Tobacco dependence in nursing students. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2017, vol.serIV, n.12, pp.9-18. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIV16032.

Background: Nursing students should be aware of the harmful effects of smoking as a result of the knowledge acquired throughout their degree. Objectives: To estimate the prevalence of tobacco consumption and identify the sociodemographic, academic, and psychological variables associated with tobacco dependence in nursing students. Methodology: Analytical cross-sectional study. Sample of 404 nursing students, 86.1% of female students (M=23.60±6.67 years). Questionnaire composed of sociodemographic and academic variables, the Portuguese versions of the Depression, Anxiety and Stress Scale and the Positive and Negative Affect Scale, the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence, and the Eysenck Personality Inventory. Results: Prevalence of tobacco consumption of 25.2%, higher percentage among male students (32.1% vs. 24.1%). Students started smoking at 16.8 years. A high level of dependence was found in 44.4% of the students who started smoking before the age of 15. Tobacco consumption was associated with extroversion and stress. Conclusion: A quarter of the students smoke. Tobacco consumption was associated with psychological variables. Interventions to discourage the consumption of psychoactive substances should be created and implemented.

Palabras clave : students; nursing; smoking; personality; stress, psychological.

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