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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

NEVES, Márcia Fernanda Bettencourt Vieira  y  SANTOS, José Carlos. Mental health and suicidal behaviors in adolescents from a Portuguese island. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2016, vol.serIV, n.10, pp.77-84. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIV15028.

Background: Adolescent suicidal behaviors are a public health priority. Objectives: Suicidal behavior is an understudied field in the Azores, and the few existing research studies with Portuguese adolescents only include young people from Mainland Portugal. This study aims at analyzing the adolescent student population from this island region so as to describe the current situation and plan community intervention projects in this area to meet the identified needs. Methodology: This is a non-experimental, quantitative and descriptive-correlational study with the purpose of describing phenomena and finding associations between variables. Results: The results showed that 17.9% of the 484 sampled adolescents reported self-harm behaviors, with 12.7% reporting self-cutting and 5.2% medication overdose or ingestion of toxic substances. Around 15.5% of the adolescents reported suicidal ideation. Additionally, they showed high levels of depressive symptoms (19.9%), ranging from moderate (12%) to severe (7.9%). Conclusion: Adolescents had more self-harm behaviors, more severe depressive symptoms, a lower self-concept and fewer coping strategies than similar populations in mainland Portugal.

Palabras clave : mental health; adolescent; self-injurious behavior; epidemiology; school.

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