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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

AIRES, Clara Maria Cardoso da Silva; FERREIRA, Isabel Maria Fonseca; SANTOS, Alzira Teresa Vieira Martins Ferreira dos  y  SOUSA, Maria Rui Miranda Grilo Correia de. Empowerment in pregnancy: study on the adaptation of the Empowerment Scale for Pregnant Women to the Portuguese context. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2016, vol.serIV, n.10, pp.49-57. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIV16033.

Background: Nursing prenatal care should be based on a dynamic process of listening, trust, respect and negotiation with couples. Objectives: The purpose of this methodological study was the cultural adaptation of the Empowerment Scale for Pregnant Women (ESPW) to the Portuguese population and its psychometric evaluation. Methodology: The instrument was applied to a non-probability accidental sample of 166 pregnant women, between 12 to 41 weeks of gestation and aged 18 or more years. In order to assess the psychometric properties of the scale, we used construct and criterion validity and analyzed its internal consistency. Results: The principal components analysis with 5 factors (Self-efficacy, Future Image, Self-Esteem, Support and Assurance from Others, and Joy of an Addition to the Family), which explain 50.76% of the total variance. The scale revealed a overall internal consistency of .88. Conclusion: The Portuguese version of the ESPW (EEG, Escala de Empowerment da Grávida) proved to be a reliable and useful instrument to measure the empowerment of Portuguese pregnant women.

Palabras clave : power; prenatal care; pregnant.

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