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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

PRETO, Leonel São Romão et al. Photogrammetric Analysis of Posture and Associated Risk Factors in School-Aged Children and Adolescents. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2015, vol.serIV, n.7, pp.31-40. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIV14051.

Theoretical framework: Several spinal problems and misalignments begin during puberty and can be associated to poor posture. Objetives: To characterise the posture of children and adolescents by searching for associations with sociodemographic, behavioural, anthropometric, and clinical variables. Methodology: Cross-sectional analytical study using photogrammetry in a sample consisting of 135 participants, aged between 6 and 18 years. Results: The weight of the backpack was inadequate (>15% of body weight) in 10% of cases. The prevalence of low back pain associated to the type of footwear and Adam's test was 37.8%. Students with positive Adam's test are older, heavier, taller, more sedentary, and carry excessive weight in their backpacks. Significant gender differences were observed in the anterior view for both Q-angles, with girls tending to physiologic genu valgum). In the right and left lateral views, the results in the Adam's test varied significantly, with participants with positive Adam's test tending to a forward head posture. Conclusion: The results underline the importance of implementing programs directed to postural education

Palabras clave : Photogrammetry; posture; child; adolescent; risk factors.

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