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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

CAMARNEIRO, Ana Paula Forte; MACIEL, Juraci Conceição Silveira Cardoso  y  SILVEIRA, Rosa Maria Garcia da. Experiences of spontaneous abortion in primigravidae during the first trimester of pregnancy: a phenomenological study. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2015, vol.serIV, n.5, pp.109-117. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIV14064.

Theoretical framework: Spontaneous Abortion (SA) in primigravidae triggers complex emotional reactions that occur outside the healthcare services. Objectives: To understand the experience of SA in primigravidae during the first trimester of pregnancy. Methodology: Qualitative and phenomenological study. The sample is purposive and composed of six participants. Data were obtained using open interviews and analysed based on Loureiro's (2002; 2006) proposal. Both contextual reliability and transferability were ensured. Results: The essence of the phenomenon is the shattering of a dream that results from the sudden deprivation of a desired pregnancy and motherhood. The structure found is divided into three central themes: experience of negative feelings; inner elaboration; desire to ensure motherhood. These themes coexist over time, although they manifest themselves differently. Conclusion: SA is an early pregnancy loss which brings about significant negative emotions and an effort of personal reorganisation, thus requiring attention and supervision by the healthcare professionals.

Palabras clave : spontaneous abortion; pregnancy loss; grief; obstetric nursing.

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