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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

MONTERROSO, Lígia Eduarda Pereira; JOAQUIM, Natércia  y  SA, Luís Octávio de. Medication adherence in elderly people integrated in the Long-Term Care domiciliary teams. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2015, vol.serIV, n.5, pp.9-16. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIV14047.

Theoretical framework: An increased number of diseases and comorbidities leads to polymedication, which may interfere with Medication Adherence (MA) among the elderly. Objectives: To describe the socio-demographic and economic characteristics of the elderly supported by the Integrated Long-Term Care Teams; characterise the level of MA of the population under study; and identify the variables influencing non-adherence. Methodology: A descriptive/exploratory correlational study, using a quantitative method, was conducted in a sample of 55 elderly people. Results: Sample with 78±7.9 years old, mainly female (69.1%). Using the measurement scale of adherence to treatment, it was found that 72.7% of elderly people did not adhere to the medication treatment and that 83.6% take three or more medicines. Using the Katz index, it was found that 25.5% of seniors were highly dependent. Using the Mini-Mental State Examination, 47.3% patients revealed moderate dementia. Using the Geriatric Depression Scale, 45.5% revealed moderate depression. A statistically significant association was only found between MA and mental status. Individuals with moderate dementia had a lower level of adherence. Conclusion: The low level of MA is influenced by cognitive factors that should be considered while planning interventions to promote the MA among the elderly.

Palabras clave : medication adherence; elderly.

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