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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

LOPES, Inês Guedes; MAGALHAES, António Manuel Sousa; SOUSA, Ana Luísa Abreu de  y  ARAUJO, Isabel Maria Batista de. Preventing perioperative hypothermia: an integrative literature review. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2015, vol.serIV, n.4, pp.147-155. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIV14027.

Context: During surgery, many patients become hypothermic. Health complications resulting from hypothermia lead to longer hospital stays and increased healthcare costs. Objective: To identify in empirical research results the active warming systems that proved to be most effective in the pre and intraoperative periods to prevent perioperative hypothermia. Methodology: The search was performed using the following keywords: Hypothermia, perioperative nursing, anaesthesia and rewarming. Publications from the last five years (2007-2012), with full text, and written in English, Spanish or Portuguese were included. Articles on pregnant women, neurocritical patients, induced hypothermia and the variables affecting hypothermia were excluded. Results: A total of 30 articles were obtained, seven of which were selected for analysis. Conclusion: Active warming methods are effective measures for the prevention of hypothermia; the combination of warming methods is more effective than an isolated use; and, finally, the forced-air system and circulating water garments proved to be the most effective active warming methods.

Palabras clave : hypothermia; perioperative nursing; anaesthesia; rewarming.

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