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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

COSTA-DIAS, Maria José Martins da  y  FERREIRA, Pedro Lopes. Fall risk assessment tools. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2014, vol.serIV, n.2, pp.153-161. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIII12145.

Background: Accidental falls remain the most reported incidents in hospital settings. This is a quality and safety issue for the patient which needs to be addressed by the hospital organisation. Nurses need to assess the risk of falling using scales. However, nurses are sometimes unsure of what is the most appropriate tool. Objective: To provide information on the two most commonly used scales for assessing the risk of falling, i.e., the St Thomas’s Risk Assessment Tool in Falling Elderly Inpatients (STRATIFY) and the Morse Fall Scale (MFS). Main topics for analysis: The fall risk assessment tools which were the subject of more systematic reviews and prospective validation in two or more cohorts, with appropriate tests to predict their validity, were analysed. The review concluded that both scales identify patients who are at risk of falling based on their intrinsic or clinical characteristics. Conclusion: Hospitals should use scales which have already been developed and tested for data comparison. These scales should be culturally and linguistically adapted, and validated for the Portuguese language.

Palabras clave : accidental falls; hospital services; adult; scales.

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