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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

SILVEIRA, Rodrigo Eurípedes da; SANTOS, Álvaro da Silva  y  PEREIRA, Gilberto de Araújo. Consumption of alcohol, tobacco and other drugs among adolescents from an elementary school in a brazilian city. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2014, vol.serIV, n.2, pp.51-60. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIII12112.

Background: Drug use among adolescents is an urgent public health concern worldwide. Objectives: To assess the consumption of alcohol, tobacco and illicit drugs among 7th and 8th graders of a municipal school in Uberaba, Brazil. Methodology: Cross-sectional exploratory study. Sample of 189 students. Semi-structured and self-administered questionnaire. Results: Most students were boys (52.9%), with a mean age of 14.3±1.1 years and a household income between 1 and 3 minimum wages (88.9%). Alcohol consumption was significantly higher among approved students (84.2%; p<0.0001) and among those with incomes above three minimum wages (100%; p<0.0001). Tobacco consumption was associated with the 7th grade (79.5%; p=0.0004) and incomes inferior to one minimum wage (67.5%; p< 0.0001). There was a significant predominance of illicit drug use only among students with incomes above three minimum wages (66.7%; p=0.0176). Conclusion: This study points out the need for health education interventions related to alcohol and drugs among adolescents, as well as a better and more effective continuous training of their teachers.

Palabras clave : adolescent; alcoholic beverages; smoking habit; illicit drugs.

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