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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

MENINO, Eva; DIXE, Maria Anjos; LOURO, Maria Clarisse Martins  y  ROQUE, Sofia Maria Borba. Education programs aimed at the patient with Type 2 diabetes mellitus: systematic review of the literature. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2013, vol.serIII, n.10, pp.135-143. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIII1247.

Increased longevity and health problems associated with the increased incidence of chronic disease, particularly diabetes, which has documented implications at the economic, social and family levels, support the necessity for a response from health services and quality. The aim of this systematic review was to analyze education programs aimed at the diabetic patient, assessment methodologies of programs, and the respective results. The five studies included resulted from a survey conducted in EBSCOhost and ISI Web of Knowledge. Intervention programs have identified different methodologies and different structures, although all have been based on diabetes self-management education. Methodologies for evaluating the effectiveness of programs have focused mainly on physiological parameters, although some studies have been evaluated using psychological parameters. The results show improvements in glycated hemoglobin, blood pressure, cholesterol, ophthalmic surveillance, self-monitoring of renal conditions and the feet, self-efficacy, quality of life, diet, body weight, waist circumference, attitude indicators and performance indicators. There seems to be a positive response to intervention programs, expressed in outcomes related to physiological and psychological parameters.

Palabras clave : health education; outcome assessment (health care); diabetes mellitus.

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