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Revista de Enfermagem Referência

versión impresa ISSN 0874-0283

Resumen

PEREIRA, Rui Pedro Gomes; CARDOSO, Maria José da Silva Peixoto de Oliveira  y  MARTINS, Maria Alice Correia dos Santos Cardoso. Attitudes and barriers to evidence-based nursing practice in a community context. Rev. Enf. Ref. [online]. 2012, vol.serIII, n.7, pp.55-62. ISSN 0874-0283.  http://dx.doi.org/10.12707/RIII11146.

Background: Several studies have identified barriers to evidence-based practice (EBP). Most of these investigations were carried out in different contexts. Therefore research is needed to identify barriers and attitudes to EBP in a community context, given the importance and reorganization of primary health care. The research objectives were: a) to identify perceived barriers to the adoption of evidence-based nursing practice in a community setting; b) to describe nurses’ attitudes related to evidence-based practice. Methodology: we developed an exploratory and descriptive cross-sectional study, which took place in local health unit in northern Portugal, using the test version of the “Questionnaire Attitudes to Evidence Based Practice” (McKenna, Ashton and Keeney, 2004). The results were considered in relation to those of international studies but taking into account national specificities. Overall, the barriers identified have various etiologies: personal, organizational, cultural and scientific. In conclusion, EBP meets the social obligation of nursing, reinforcing its credibility among the health sciences, and supports changes at the political level. It is important to identify barriers and attitudes, regardless their origins, in order to structure future intervention strategies.

Palabras clave : evidence-based nursing; barriers; attitudes; primary health care.

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