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Revista Portuguesa de Pneumologia

versão impressa ISSN 0873-2159

Resumo

MACHADO, Ausenda; NICOLAU, Rita  e  DIAS, Carlos Matias. Tobacco consumption by the portuguese population: Data from the 2005-2006 National Health Survey. Rev Port Pneumol [online]. 2009, vol.15, n.6, pp.1005-1027. ISSN 0873-2159.

This study aims to contribute to the epidemiological portrayal of tobacco consumption in Portugal 2005- 2006, using data from the National Health Survey. In this analysis the Portuguese population is characterised according to smoking patterns, exposure to smoke and attitudes to smoking in general. Data is presented by gender, age groups, regions of residence and other social characteristics. Frequencies results are estimated values for the Portuguese population in 2005. Logistic binary regression models are used to study regular smoking-related characteristics. Results show that 20.9% of the Portuguese population (including Madeira and the Azores) aged 15 or more were smokers (male: 30.9%; female: 11.8%), and that 18.7% smoked regularly. More than one half of men were smokers or ex-smokers (56.9%) whereas the great majority of women had never smoked (81.3%). After removing the effect of the different age structures among regions, the highest rate of males who smoked regularly was observed in the Azores region (31.0%), followed by the Alentejo region (29.9%). The highest rate of women who smoked regularly occurred in the Lisbon and Tagus Valley region (15.4%), followed by the Algarve region (12.8%). Daily average cigarette consumption was higher among male (20 cigarettes) than female smokers (13 cigarettes). The Azores population presented the highest daily average consumption (male: 23 cigarettes; female: 16 cigarettes).

Palavras-chave : Smoking; National Survey of Health, Portugal, 2005/2006.

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