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Comportamento Organizacional e Gestão

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LEIRIA, Andreia Carneiro; PALMA, Patrícia Jardim da  and  CUNHA, Miguel Pina e. O Contrato psicológico em organizações empreendedoras: Perspectivas do empreendedor e da equipa . Comport. Organ. Gest. [online]. 2006, vol.12, n.1, pp.67-94. ISSN 0872-9662.

Our study has two purposes: first, to define the content of the psychological contract perceived by both the entrepreneur and his team, and second, to identify the factors that are responsible for the development of the psychological contract in an entrepreneurial organization. Our research is an exploratory case study and it was conducted in an entrepreneurial organization that operates in the financial market. The results showed that the psychological contract perceived by the employees is closer to the relational kind, while that perceived by the entrepreneur is closer to the transactional kind of psychological contract. However, some convergent points between both perspectives appear to exist. The agreement established by the organization, the previous acquaintanceship between employees, the previous work experience and the previous experience of unfulfilled promises emerged as factors that contribute to the development of the psychological contract. The entrepreneurial orientation has also emerged as an important factor, showing the importance of the macro-organizational context on the development of the psychological contract. Limitations and future directions are also addressed.

Keywords : Psychological contract; entrepreneurship; entrepreneurial orientation.

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