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Portugaliae Electrochimica Acta

versão impressa ISSN 0872-1904


BENSOUDA, Z. et al. Thymus Sahraouian Essential Oil as Corrosion Eco-friendly Inhibitor for Mild Steel in a Molar Hydrochloric Acid Solution. Port. Electrochim. Acta [online]. 2018, vol.36, n.5, pp.339-364. ISSN 0872-1904.

Thymus Sahraouian essential oil (TSEO), as a new corrosion eco-friendly inhibitor, has been used to protect mild steel in 1 M HCl. Weight loss, three potentiodynamic polarization methods (Tafel, Stern and Stern-Geary), and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy measurements were undertaken to evaluate corrosion inhibition by TSEO. TSEO acted as an efficient corrosion inhibitor for mild steel in 1 M HCl, and its inhibition efficiency increased with a concentration of 77.82 % at 2 g L-1. The polarization curves revealed that TSEO acted as a mixed type inhibitor, with predominant anodic action. The EIS studies were fitted to a suitable equivalent circuit model, at 293 K, only reflecting a one-time constant characteristic of a charge transfer process. Besides, the higher is the temperature the lowest is the inhibiting efficiency. The kinetic parameters were in favour of an electrostatic character of TSEO components adsorption onto the mild steel surface, and adsorption followed the Langmuir isotherm model. Micrographic scanning electron microscopy and energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy analyses confirmed the formation of a protective adsorbed film upon the mild steel surface.

Palavras-chave : acid corrosion; mild steel; green inhibitor; polarization curves; EIS; SEM; EDX.

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