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Revista de Ciências Agrárias

Print version ISSN 0871-018X


DALCHIAVON, Flávio Carlos et al. Interrelationship between cotton parameters and soil chemical properties in Central Brazil. Rev. de Ciências Agrárias [online]. 2018, vol.41, n.3, pp.51-60. ISSN 0871-018X.

Classical geostatistical techniques and Geostatistics are important tools to correlate, linearly and spatially, vegetal productivity with the soil properties. Spatial and Pearson correlations between the attributes of the cotton plant and the soil properties were used in Campo Novo do Parecis, State of Mato Grosso, Brazil, in 2015 to determine the variability of plant productivity and soil chemical properties in the Savannah of Mato Grosso. A geostatistical grid was established for collection of data of the soil and plant, with 100 sampling points, in a plot with cotton crop. Soil was classified a Typic Tropustox. The variability expressed by the coefficient of variation was predominantly low to moderate for all soil chemical properties and productive variables of cotton. The absence of spatial dependence for soil chemical properties, except pH, indicated that spatial variations should be considered for soil sampling design. Kriging maps for the productive attributes of cotton showed that they have similar spatial distribution patterns in the crop. The productive attributes of the crop with direct relationship on the productivity of seed cotton were the number of reproductive branches and the boll mass, both linear and spatial.

Keywords : Brazilian agribusiness; geostatistics; Gossypium hirsutum; precision agriculture; soil fertility.

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