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Revista de Ciências Agrárias

Print version ISSN 0871-018X


MARTINS, M. R.; SANTOS, F.; CANDEIAS, P.  and  CRUZ-MORAIS, J.. Effect of temperature, pH and Hg2+ and Pb2+ traces in dehydrogenaseand urease activities of a soil from Évora region. Rev. de Ciências Agrárias [online]. 2010, vol.33, n.1, pp.314-322. ISSN 0871-018X.

Enzyme activities are often used as in­dicator of soil quality. This study reports on dehydrogenase (EC 1.1.1) and urease (EC activities of a soil under Olea europaea L. from Évora region. Kinetic constants Km and Vmax were determined using p-iodonitrotetrazolium chloride (INT) and urea, respectively. Effects of pH, temperature and Hg2+ and Pb2+ traces on both activities were determined. Maximal activity was obtained at pH = 8.5 and 40ºC, Km = 0.5 mM and Vmax=5,4µmol min-1 g-1 , for dehydro­genase and at pH = 10 and 37 ºC, Km = 25.7 mM and Vmax = 2.0x10-2 µmol min-1 g-1, for urease. These activities were in­hibited by different concentrations of Hg2+, but only the urease activity was in­hibited by Pb2+. Results of this study are comparable to those reported in the litera­ture for these enzymes.

Keywords : Dehydrogenases; Soil enzyme; Soil quality; Urease.

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