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Revista Portuguesa de Saúde Pública

versão impressa ISSN 0870-9025


RAMIRO, Lúcia et al. Sexual education, knowledge, beliefs, attitudes and behaviors in adolescents. Rev. Port. Sau. Pub. [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.1, pp.11-21. ISSN 0870-9025.

Introduction: Because the incidence of STI, unplanned pregnancy and several other sexual risk behaviours are increasing among youngsters, it is accepted that they are given high priority in intervention in what sexual and reproductive health is concerned. In order to promote healthy sexual attitudes and behaviours, it is crucial to implement a program of sexual education that aims at developing attitudes and skills in young people, hence enabling them to make well-informed decisions and feel confident about the choices they make. Material and methods: This HBSC/WHO research evaluated the role of sexual education for Portuguese adolescents and their knowledge and attitudes about HIV/AIDS. Structured self-reported questionnaires were responded within a classroom context by 3331 participants (1579 boys and 1752 girls), with an average age of 15 years. Results: The results show that there are inumerous risk and protection factors related to sex behavior. Conclusions: This suggests that sexual education should focus on preventive interventions, not only universal, including all teenagers and considering all the contexts in which they interact (the school professionals, family and peers), but also selective strategies delivered to targeted subgroups, once they are identified.

Palavras-chave : Sexual education; Sexual behaviour; Knowledge; Attitudes; Beliefs; HIV; AIDS; Teenagers.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Português     · Português ( pdf )