SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.36 número2Ajustamento psicossocial ao cancro da mama em função do tipo de cirurgiaComo é vivida a adoção na adolescência? Construção de um Questionário de Sentimentos relacionados com a adoção índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

  • Não possue artigos similaresSimilares em SciELO

Compartilhar


Análise Psicológica

versão impressa ISSN 0870-8231versão On-line ISSN 1646-6020

Resumo

FREITAS, Miguel et al. Friendship quality in adolescence and social adjustment in the peer group. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2018, vol.36, n.2, pp.219-234. ISSN 0870-8231.  http://dx.doi.org/10.14417/ap.1551.

Friendships in adolescence are fundamental for social, emotional and cognitive development. However, differences in the quality of the relationship with a best friend may also be associated with adolescents’ psychosocial adjustment. The goal of this study was to identify different profiles of friendship quality, contrasting them regarding positive and negative features of this relationship, as well as youth’s social adjustment in the peer group. 821 participants from 7th grade (M=13 years old) reported on their perception of best friendship quality and sociometric nominations assessed social adjustment in the peer group. Three profiles emerged from hierarchical clusters analysis based on positive features of friendship quality, namely high-, medium- and low-quality friendships. Such profiles were significantly different in global quality and in all positive qualitative features of friendship: High-quality friendships were significantly higher in companionship, validation, help, support, intimacy, and conflict resolution strategies, whilst low-quality friendships had significantly lower values in all such dimensions. Sex differences revealed that girls experienced more intimate disclosure and validation and caring within their friendship dyads. Regarding negative features, adolescents in high-quality friendships reported less frequent conflict. As for social adjustment, youth in high quality friendships were considered by peers as the least anxious-withdrawn, excluded and victimized, but the most prosocial and popular/sociable. Participants in low-quality friendships were characterized by opposite scores. Findings highlight the significance of friendship in this developmental period, particularly, regarding friendship quality in young adolescents’ social milieu.

Palavras-chave : Adolescence; Friendship quality; Friendship types; Peer group; Social adjustment.

        · resumo em Português     · texto em Português     · Português ( pdf )

 

Creative Commons License Todo o conteúdo deste periódico, exceto onde está identificado, está licenciado sob uma Licença Creative Commons