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Análise Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0870-8231On-line version ISSN 1646-6020


LOPES, Rita Freire  and  GOUVEIA-PEREIRA, Maria. Efeitos individuais e familiares em crimes: Abuso sexual, violência conjugal e homicídio. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2017, vol.35, n.3, pp.323-338. ISSN 0870-8231.

Amongst the various explanations for a delinquent career, the family occupies a place of choice. Despite literature indicating to us that the family plays a crucial role, there are other authors, who show us The General Theory of crime, that claims to explain that self-control is a central variable in delinquent behavior. In addition, other researchers show that the failure to learn an adequate emotional repertoire, namely emotional intelligence, can, sometimes, be associated with the origin of delinquent behaviour. The objective of this work is to analyse the relationship between the functioning of the family (total ratio, cohesion, flexibility and comunication), the self-control and emotional intelligence in subjects who have been condemned for crimes of sexual abuse, domestic violence and homicide. 92 male inmate subjects, aged between 20 and 73 participated. By means of the results, we established that the subjects have a similar perception as to how their families are organised, except in communication, where the sexual abusers showed inferior communication indicators. At the level of emotional expression and the capacity to deal with emotions, significant differences were also found, with the sexual abusers showing greater emotional deficits. With self-control, it was likewise the sexual abusers who showed the highest levels of self-control. Limitations and practical and theoretical implications of this study are discussed based on literature.

Keywords : General theory of crime; Family functioning; Emotional intelligence.

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