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Análise Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0870-8231On-line version ISSN 1646-6020

Abstract

DANIEL, Fernanda; CAETANO, Elsa; MONTEIRO, Rosa  and  AMARAL, Inês. Representações sociais do envelhecimento ativo num olhar genderizado. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2016, vol.34, n.4, pp.353-364. ISSN 0870-8231.  http://dx.doi.org/10.14417/ap.1020.

The aim of this study is to analyse the social representations of active ageing, in order to detect the impacts of the diferente conceptions by older women and men. We developed a cross-sectional cohort study and 123 older people were surveyed (M=76,84; SD=8.46). We accessed the evocations on active ageing through the Technique of Free Association of words. The representations that most frequently emerged were the “family”, “walk”, “living” and “health”. It was also possible to highlight differences in the social representation of active ageing from a gendered perspective. As exclusive evocations, the male prominente evocation anchors in "sport", while among females the “domestic activity” predominated. Interpersonal relationships, in particular those established with the family network, are central to various phases of life cycle. The model of social protection dominant during the dictatorship period (Estado Novo), pointing out the family as the central pillar of protection, seems crystallized throughout time. Both genders chose the “family” as prominent evocation as a social representation of active ageing. Although in Western society the social status of women has changed, women in our sample seem to assume that active ageing is associated with the execution of tasks they have always done, focusing many of its evocations in a family oriented content, where the role of caregivers stands out. This reflects the gender roles. Instrumental activities and those that are associated to private sphere, such as domestic tasks, are emerging more prominently. In the case of men, the family components also emerged, but at the same time as pleasurable leisure activities.

Keywords : Active ageing; Social representations; Gender.

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