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Análise Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0870-8231


GIL, Rosendo Berengüí et al. Otimismo, burnout e estados de humor em desportos de competição. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2015, vol.33, n.2, pp.221-233. ISSN 0870-8231.

The aim of the present study is to analyse the relation between dispositional optimism, burnout syndrome and mood of athletes in a pre-competitive state. The sample was composed by 227 wrestling athletes who were competing in the National Wrestling Championship in Spain. The instruments used for this study were LOT-R a Spanish adaptation of Otero et al. (1998) of the Scheier and Carver (1985) test in the review of Scheier, Carver and Bridges (1994), and the Inventory of Burnout for Athletes (IBD). The IBD is an adaptation designed for populations involved in sports made by Garcés de Los Fayos (1999) of the Maslach Burnout Inventory (Maslach & Jackson, 1981) and the Profile of Mood States (POMS). To evaluate the profile of mood state a reduced and adapted version by Fuentes, Balaguer, Meliá and García-Merita (1995) of the original instrument of McNair, Loor and Dropplemam (1971) was used. The questionnaires were applied during the Wrestling National Championship in Spain, in the cadet and senior categories. The results indicate a relation between optimism and some dimensions of burnout, for example emotional exhaustion and despersonalization. Furthermore optimism was related with moods states like depression, exhaustion and anger.

Keywords : Optimism; Burnout; Mood states; Sports competition.

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