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Análise Psicológica

versão impressa ISSN 0870-8231

Resumo

CARVALHO, Joana et al. Scaffolding verbal materno e coerência estrutural narrativa da criança em idade pré-escolar. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2013, vol.31, n.3, pp.269-282. ISSN 0870-8231.

Scaffolding assumes an important role in the development of children’s narrative skills. The goal of this study was to understand the relation between maternal verbal scaffolding and preschoolers’ narrative construction, at the level of structural coherence. Forty one children (24 boys, 58.5%) aged 4 years and their mothers participated in a narrative elicitation task, using a picture book. Scaffolding was analyzed according to the Coding System of Verbal Behaviors that Promote Preschoolers’ Narratives and structural coherence was coded by the Narrative Structural Coherence Coding System. The results showed a negative correlation between the verbal behaviors that direct children’s attention and interest to the book as well as questions that direct children’s discourse and some aspects of structural coherence. Lower levels of maternal intrusiveness, coupled with higher levels of sensitivity and ability to change and adjust her verbal behaviors were associated with a higher narrative structural coherence. These results suggest that the way mothers intervene, as well as their timing, are relevant to the development of children’s narratives, with possible repercussions on the level of the narrative’s structural coherence.

Palavras-chave : Narrative; Picture book; Preschool age; Scaffolding.

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