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Análise Psicológica

versão impressa ISSN 0870-8231

Resumo

DIMAS, Inês Margarida; PEREIRA, Marco Daniel  e  CANAVARRO, Maria Cristina. Ajustamento psicossocial, ajustamento diádico e resiliência no contexto de desemprego. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2013, vol.31, n.1, pp.3-16. ISSN 0870-8231.

In the current socio-economic context, the confrontation with conditions of greater or lesser adversity at work, where we can include unemployment, may challenge the personal and relational life of individuals. Throughout a cross-sectional study, we examined the personal (psychopathological symptoms, quality of life), relational adaptation (dyadic adjustment) and individual resilience in the context of unemployment. The sample was recruited by a convenience method and consisted of 15 couples in which one element was unemployed and 22 couples with both partners employed. The evaluation protocol included the following instruments: Brief Symptom Inventory (BSI), World Health Organization Quality of Life instrument - WHOQOL-Bref, the Dyadic Adjustment Scale - Revised (EAD-R), and the Connor-Davidson - Resilience Scale (CD-RISC). The results suggested that the unemployed attached greater importance to the relationship than their partners. The resilience of unemployed was associated with lower psychopathological symptoms, improved quality of life and better dyadic adjustment. This exploratory study had allowed us to better understand the relational and individual adaptation to unemployment, especially because the literature in this area is very scarce, but also leaves indications for future research.

Palavras-chave : Couple’s relationship; Mental health; Quality of life; Resilience; Unemployment.

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