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Análise Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0870-8231


AZEVEDO, Andreia Fernandes; SANTOS, Maria João Seabra; GASPAR, Maria Filomena  and  HOMEM, Tatiana Carvalho. A perturbação de hiperatividade/défice de atenção em idade pré-escolar: Especificidades e desafios ao diagnóstico e intervenção. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2012, vol.30, n.4, pp.387-403. ISSN 0870-8231.

With this literature review we intend to characterize AD/HD in preschool children. In the last years this diagnosis is increasingly being made under the age of 5, stressing the need for a better clarification of early identification and diagnosis. The use of the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM) in preschool years has been subject to debate, due to the risk of overdiagnosis and overpathologizing developmental problems that might be transitory. Through the study of early indicators of risk involved in different pathways of AD/HD, we can answer more appropriately to early signs of hyperactivity and provide early intervention. This paper addresses the main areas to be evaluated and instruments available, as well as the main scientific evidences and practical guidelines on assessment and intervention in preschool ADHD.

Keywords : AD/HD; Developmental trajectories; DSM; Early risk indicators; Preschool.

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