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Análise Psicológica

versão impressa ISSN 0870-8231

Resumo

KING, Anna Lucia Spear et al. Terapia cognitivo-comportamental: A preparação do paciente com transtorno de pânico para as exposições agorafóbicas interoceptivas e in vivo. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2011, vol.29, n.3, pp.439-449. ISSN 0870-8231.

Objective: This study in cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT) was to demonstrate the preparation of the patient with panic disorder for agoraphobic exposures. Techniques have been used for exhibitions interceptive their own bodily sensations and in vivo exposure to feared situations or places. Methodology: 50 individuals divided in two Groups of 25 participants each one. Group 1 undertook 10 weekly, individual sessions of CBT of one hour duration with use of medication. Group 2, control, only used medication without CBT. The medication prescribed consisted of tricyclic anti-depressants and selective inhibitors of the re-uptake of serotonin. At the beginning and at the end of the medical and psychological interventions evaluation instruments were applied. Results: We observed a significant difference between baseline and final in a group 1, such as: reduction in panic attacks, anticipatory anxiety, agoraphobia avoidance and fear of bodily sensations. In the global assessment of functioning scale, an increase in the overall well-being of 60.8% to 72.5% among patients in group 1 with therapy, unlike the second group 2 without therapy. Conclusion: The procedures used for exposures, were considered essential in the preparation of patients with panic disorder, to be able to face up to panic attacks and subsequent agoraphobic situations.

Palavras-chave : Anxiety; Exposure; Panic; Phobia.

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