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Análise Psicológica

versão impressa ISSN 0870-8231

Resumo

ROCHA, Nuno; QUEIROS, Cristina; AGUIAR, Susana  e  MARQUES, António. Implicações da Neurocognição e da Auto-eficácia na Predição do Funcionamento Psicossocial de Pessoas com Esquizofrenia. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2008, vol.26, n.4, pp.587-600. ISSN 0870-8231.

The main purpose of this study was to identify neurocognitive constructs that seems to be differential predictors of distinct dimensions of psychosocial functioning, and to analyze the additional contribution of self-efficacy as a possible predictor. To achieve those goals, a sample of 37 participants with schizophrenia were assessed in their psychosocial functioning, self-efficacy and neurocognitive functioning. We performed regression analysis to obtain the predictive models, using enter and stepwise methods. The initial predictive models explained between 17% and 67% of the variance on the psychosocial functioning dimensions. The main neurocognitive predictors were working memory, attention/vigilance, processing speed, logic reasoning, and visual-spatial memory. We didn’t found any significant predictor of the dimension non-turbulence. In the models in which self-efficacy entered has a dependent variable, was accounted as a significant predictor of self-care and social contact. The results suggest that the promotion of psychosocial functioning should include interventions aimed to improve cognitive skills and to develop a more positive sense of self-efficacy.

Palavras-chave : Neurocognition; Psychosocial functioning; Schizophrenia; Self-efficacy.

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