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Análise Psicológica

versão impressa ISSN 0870-8231

Resumo

GIL, Glicéria  e  DINIZ, José Alves. Educadores de infância promotores de saúde e resiliência: Um estudo exploratório com crianças em situação de risco. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2006, vol.24, n.2, pp.217-234. ISSN 0870-8231.

It is estimated that 11% of Portuguese children under 6 years old exhibit Special Educational Needs and 37% of abused and/or abandoned children, under the tutelar proceeding in 1996, were also under six years old. The existence of children considered at risk and vulnerable, when it comes to their psychosocial health and quality of life, implies a continued questioning of the factors that lead to those situations, as well as a challenge to those who work with these children, and must find ways to match educational practices to the children’s needs. Intervention, with children at risk, in the area of Resilience and Health Promotion has been one of the most effective programs in preventing risk behavior in adolescence. This article assumes the multidimensionality of the resilience and health promotion concepts, and presents an empirical investigation aiming to the identification and specification of the importance of those dimensions in the development of educational practices among preschool teachers. We will refer to a transversal and exploratory study using a questionnaire, involving 274 subjects, 164 working in Alentejo and 110 in Algarve. Through multiple correspondence analyses, followed by a hierarchical classification technique, it was possible to identify two types/classes of resilience and health promoting educators: more and less promoting. The results suggest that, in order to consider a teacher as belonging to the more promoting type, it is not obligatory that there are children at risk integrated in his/her class. Also, there seems to be no relation between the subject of Health Promoting during the teachers education and a more resilience and health promotion oriented practice. However, the following variables are considered important to an educational practice aiming to the health and resilience promotion: working in the public schools; working in a network of Health-Promoting Schools (NHPS); having Health Education integrated in the curriculum; and the support of the Health Services.

Palavras-chave : Pre-school teacher; children-at-risk; health and resilience promotion.

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