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Análise Psicológica

versão impressa ISSN 0870-8231

Resumo

SEIXAS, Sónia Raquel. Violência escolar: Metodologias de identificação dos alunos agressores e/ou vítimas. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2005, vol.23, n.2, pp.97-110. ISSN 0870-8231.

The aim of the present study is to compare different methods used in the characterization of students involved in bullying. While the limitations associated to the self-report instruments are often related to bias, specifically because of factors associated with social desirability or underestimation of the problem, the use of measures based on peers nominations minimizes the impact of any individual bias and increases the statistical reliability of the assessments. However, peer nominations seem rather far from the internal experience of their colleagues. Therefore, self-report measures seem more adequate to identify victimized students, while peer nomination measures seem more appropriate to identify aggressive students (with a more visible behaviour). Data was collected from a random sample of 680 middle school youngsters, aged 12 to 17, in Lisbon. We can find different results in the percentages of involvement in bullying, as well as the percentages of involvement in bullying according to gender. Namely, through peer nomination measure we can see that males have the highest rate comparing to girls in both groups with aggressive behaviours (bullies and bully-victims). We can also observe an increase on both victimized groups (victims and bully-victims) in the self-report measures compared to peer nominations.

Palavras-chave : Bullying; victimization; assessment; school children.

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