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Análise Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0870-8231


SILVA, Ana Cristina. Descobrir o princípio alfabético. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2004, vol.22, n.1, pp.187-191. ISSN 0870-8231.

The immersion of children in a world of written symbols and interactions around "writing" allows them to make a series of discoveries about the nature and functions of the alphabetical code before the beginning of formal education. However, the richness of these contacts and the frequency of transactions before entry in school are variable and this means that children begin school in different stages in terms of their perception of the nature of the alphabetical code. The massification of education has led to teaching strategies which are uniform and decentred from children's conceptual confusion surrounding the functioning of the written code. The comprehension of the alphabetical principle, i.e. the perception that letters ordered in the space ofwords represent the oral phonemes of lexical units, requires competences of high complexity of abstraction. Several aspects are involved in this comprehension: phonological consciousness, knowledge of letters and perception of writing as a code that represents linguistic units. Each of these competences and conceptions can be an obstacle to the comprehension of the alphabetical principle, affecting academic success in reading acquisition.

Keywords : Reading acquisition; phonetic training; reading strategies.

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