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Análise Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0870-8231


CORREIA, Isabel  and  VALA, Jorge. Crença no mundo justo e vitimização secundária: o papel moderador da inocência da vítima e da persistência do sofrimento . Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2003, vol.21, n.3, pp.341-352. ISSN 0870-8231.

The goal of the studies presented in this article is to test the basic prediction of the belief in a just world (BJW) theory according to which observers that are high believers in a JW victimize more an innocent victim whose suffering persists than observers that are low believers in a JW. In fact, this theory predicts that three factors determine the reaction of an observer towards a victim: the observers' BJW, the innocence of the victim and the persistence of the victim's suffering. However to date no study tried to determine the joint impact of these three factors. The studies presented in this article analyse the joint impact of these three factors on secondary victimization. The results show that participants who most need to re-establish their BJW, either because it is high (Study 1 and 2) or because it has been threatened (Study 3), victimize the victim more: they regard the victim as being more deserving of the situation in which he/she finds himself/herself (Study 1), in a fairer situation than observers with a lower level of BJW (Study 2), and they devalue the victim more (Study 3).

Keywords : Belief in a just world; victims; secondary victimization; justice.

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