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Análise Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0870-8231


CARVALHOSA, Susana Fonseca de; LIMA, Luísa  and  MATOS, Margarida Gaspar de. Bullying: a provocação/vitimação entre pares no contexto escolar português. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2001, vol.19, n.4, pp.523-537. ISSN 0870-8231.

The present study has been achieved in order to characterize and to show the difference between young bullies and their victims in Portuguese schools. It is an analysis on a representative sample of the national scholar population from the 6th, 8th and 10th grades (n=6903), of bullying behaviours in school environment, using the questionnaire on «Health Behaviour in School-aged Children» - Portuguese version from the 1998 international survey Health Behaviour in School-aged Children (HBSC), under the auspices of the World Health Organization. The results confirm other studies, taking in account the differences between sex, age and scholarship. The younger boys and those with lower scholarship are more involved in bullying. As referred in existing literature, we confirmed the characteristics of bullies (disconnection from family and school, good relationships with peers, substance use and physical and psychological symptoms and depression), their victims (disconnection from school, problems in relationships with peers and physical and psychological symptoms and depression) and of the provocative victims (disconnection from family and school, problems in relationships with peers and physical and psychological symptoms and depression). The causes for bullying behaviours (sex, age, violence outside school, attitude toward school, physical and psychological symptoms, alcohol and tobacco use and socio-economic status) and victimization (sex, age, violence outside school, peer relations, depression and physical and psychological symptoms, family relations, attitude toward school and socio-economic status) are described.

Keywords : Bullying; bullies; victims; school; peers; adolescents.

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