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Análise Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0870-8231


GOUVEIA-PEREIRA, Maria et al. Dinâmicas grupais na adolescência . Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2000, vol.18, n.2, pp.191-201. ISSN 0870-8231.

Several studies showed that adolescent peer group play an important role at different levels: they are a source of instrumental and emotional support, developmental tasks resolution and construction of identity (Alves Martins, 1998; Gouveia-Pereira, 1995, 1998; Palmonari, Pombeni & Kirchler, 1990; 1991; 1992 & Sherif, 1984). Following the research of Tajfel (1982, 1983) on intergroup relations and the findings of Cotterel (1996) it is stated that the group gives positive emotional experiences through acceptance and recognition of the individual, and the adolescent gains the feeling of belonging and solidarity between group members. The goal of the present study is to analyze the adolescent' perception of their peer. The formation and history of the peer group, meeting places, dimensions of identity and of evaluation were analyzed in order to better understand the groups' identity in relation to other groups. Participants were 42 adolescents from the 7th and the 9th year of secondary school. In order to collect the data qualitative group interviews were conducted. Results showed that group formation is strongly influenced by school dynamics. School year plays a role at the level of the perception of intergroup relations. Adolescents from 9th year show a greater capacity for differentiation in relation to other groups wile younger students only differentiated the other groups through behavior dimensions.

Keywords : Peers groups; social identity; adolescence.

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