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Análise Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0870-8231


MARIA, Susana G. S.  and  SOUSA, Fernando M. V. De. A desinstitucionalização e as alternativas habitacionais ao dispor de indivíduos com perturbações mentais: Um novo modelo habitacional - A habitação apoiada. Aná. Psicológica [online]. 2000, vol.18, n.2, pp.181-189. ISSN 0870-8231.

Since its beginning the deinstitutionalization process has faced some difficulties, such as the mental health services lack of resources, the trend to work with the individual who presents higher probability of success, the lack of articulation between hospital services and community mental health centers, and the lack of investments on accommodations for long periods of time. These are some of the situations that consumers of mental health services have endured. Nowadays we witness the emerging of a paradigm which lies on the idea that these consumers need to be supported at a ordinary house, living in community, where the support is provided according to each person's needs, and without a time limit. This paradigm also creates a need for the professionals to find new roles so that they will be able to help the consumers to choose, get, and keep a home. To ensure the success of deinstitutionalization it is vital that the establishment of different alternatives of accommodation be based on communities' resources and capabilities.

Keywords : deinstitutionalization; supported housing; consumer satisfaction; mental illness.

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