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Análise Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0870-8231


ONOFRE, Pedro Soares. Ensaio para uma avaliação livre e aberta das capacidades de desenvolvimento das crianças... com estratégias de dinâmica fenomenológica e psicossomática . Aná. Psicológica [online]. 1999, vol.17, n.4, pp.653-671. ISSN 0870-8231.

The author develops and explains how should a Continuous, Free and Open evaluation be done, as opposed to the traditional Observation-Evaluation techniques, commonly used to analyse the abilities and behaviour of children with development difficulties; usually subjected to standard stimuli, organised, wrongly, in synthesised, empty, stereotyped and/or artificially scaled answers, like a laboratory mould. This article has the goal, on one hand, of being a contribution to a critique of the foundations of traditional evaluation, and on the other hand, to propose an alternative of Continuous Evaluation, related to an Educational Intervention and a Phenomenology and Psychosomatic Dynamic Strategy. To Evaluate and to observe a child in a Free and Open way is to find the child’s uniqueness, and not to make her fit into standard typified scales; comparing her to other children, as if there was a «Standard Child», which there isn’t, scientifically speaking... On the contrary, any Evaluation should be made using qualitative, phenomenology and psychosomatic methodology; understanding the symbolic interaction between observed and observer... in «inter captura» of reciprocal sensitivities, purposeful and in relation to the support programme where the child is inserted. It should have an imbricated effect on all livelihood areas of life, and/or only in one that we wouldn’t be expecting; and in the end not only in the area we proposed to evaluate initially.

Keywords : Evaluation; continuity; phenomenology.

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