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Análise Psicológica

Print version ISSN 0870-8231


GUERREIRO, Marta  and  MATTA, Isabel. Efeitos do tipo de instrução/objectivo na memorização e recordação . Aná. Psicológica [online]. 1999, vol.17, n.1, pp.27-38. ISSN 0870-8231.

The main objective of the present research is to study the effects of the type of instruction/goal on the processes of memory and recall. Two groups of 6 year old children were interviewed. The task consisted in presenting to the children a list of words that they had to memorize. Children were divided in two groups: the experimental group received an instruction that was meaningful, functional and practical, while the control group received an instruction without meaningful purpose. Results revealed significant differences between the two groups. The experimental group memorized more words than the control group. This research suggests the importance of a meaningful purpose to both memory and recall activity.

Keywords : Memory performance; children; goals; instructions; meaningful memory tasks.

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