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Finisterra - Revista Portuguesa de Geografia

versão impressa ISSN 0430-5027

Resumo

LOURO, Ana  e  MARQUES DA COSTA, Nuno. Urban mobility and healthy municipalities in LMA: Trends between the last two decades (2000 and 2010). Finisterra [online]. 2019, n.112, pp.71-95. ISSN 0430-5027.  http://dx.doi.org/10.18055/Finis17105.

The theme of "urban mobility" has been widely discussed not only for its role in structuring urban systems and the development of cities, but also for the various problems arising from its dynamics. Such problems have jeopardized the pursuit of the goals associated with the Healthy Cities movement, promoting and improving quality of health and the urban environment according to World Health Organization guidelines. With the Lisbon Metropolitan Area as a study area, the objective of this paper is to understand if its municipalities show similar trends regarding the contributions of urban mobility to healthier municipalities, and if the trends are convergent among them. The methodology is based on an indicator board representative of the studied subject. Firstly, considering two periods (one in the 2000s and another in the 2010s), using dispersion measures we discuss the existence or not of tendencies of spatial convergence between metropolitan municipalities as well as to identify positive contributions of the various dynamics associated with urban mobility for healthier municipalities. Subsequently, the application of factorial analysis in main components followed by cluster analysis for the most recent period makes it possible to identify the different realities found in the metropolitan context. There were several spatial convergence tendencies but not a clear positive evolution for healthier municipalities in all indicators. For the recent period, a greater similarity between the municipalities of North LMA (three groups of municipalities) and a greater diversity in the South LMA (six groups of municipalities) were identified.

Palavras-chave : Healthy cities movement; healthy municipalities; urban mobility; decision support system; territorial diversity; Lisbon Metropolitan Area.

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