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Ciência e Técnica Vitivinícola

versão impressa ISSN 0254-0223

Resumo

LOPES, C.M. et al. Cover cropping in a slopping non-irrigated vineyard: II - effects on vegetative growth, yield, berry and wine quality of "cabernet sauvignon" grapevines. Ciência Téc. Vitiv. [online]. 2008, vol.23, n.1, pp.37-43. ISSN 0254-0223.

Grapevine vegetative growth, yield, fruit composition and wine quality were studied in the Estremadura Winegrowing Region of Portugal in a ‘Cabernet Sauvignon’ slopping non-irrigated vineyard. During three seasons three treatments were compared: soil tillage (control), permanent resident vegetation, and permanent sown cover crop. When compared to soil tillage, the inter-row sward treatments displayed a lower predawn leaf water potential from bloom to mid-ripening. These differences in vine water status did not affect vine yield or berry sugar accumulation; however, in the third season after experiment setup it induced a significant reduction in vegetative growth in the sward treatments, compared to soil tillage. This vegetative growth reduction had a positive effect on grape composition by reducing titratable acidity and increasing berry skin total phenols and anthocyanins. Those differences were also detected in the wines by the judges who gave a better classification to the wines from the sward treatments. Our results indicate that cover cropping can be a valuable tool for controlling vigour and enhancing wine quality in this winegrowing region.

Palavras-chave : grapevine; cover crops; growth; yield; quality.

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