Scielo RSS <![CDATA[Portugaliae Electrochimica Acta]]> http://www.scielo.mec.pt/rss.php?pid=0872-190420200001&lang=es vol. 38 num. 1 lang. es <![CDATA[SciELO Logo]]> http://www.scielo.mec.pt/img/en/fbpelogp.gif http://www.scielo.mec.pt <![CDATA[<b>Experimental and Theoretical Studies for mild Steel Corrosion Inhibition in 1.0 M HCl by Two Stereoisomers of Benzothiazinone Derivatives</b>]]> http://www.scielo.mec.pt/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0872-19042020000100001&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Mild steel corrosion inhibition in 1.0 M HCl, by two stereoisomers of 2-phenyl-benzothiazin-3-one (BHT1) and 3-phenyl-benzothiazin-2-one (BHT2), was researched using experimental and theoretical studies. The experimental results showed that the inhibition efficiency depends on the concentration and molecular structure of the investigated compounds, and it reached a maximum of 95 % and 96 %, at 10-4 M and 10-5 M of BHT1 and BTH2, respectively. This difference can be explained by the formation of hydrogen bonds, in BHT1 case. In addition, the polarization studies indicated that the above mentioned products acted as mixed type inhibitors. The molecular structure influence on the corrosion inhibition efficiency was theoretically investigated using DFT calculations. The structural and electronic parameters were determined, and showed good agreement with the experimental results. <![CDATA[<b>Thermometric and Gravimetric Analyses of Aluminum Corrosion Control in a HCl Medium, Using <i>Ricinus Communis</i> Extract</b>]]> http://www.scielo.mec.pt/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0872-19042020000100002&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es This work presents the thermometric and gravimetric analyses of aluminum corrosion control in a HCl medium, using Ricinus communis (castor oil) extract. The obtained plant extract was subjected to phytochemical analyses for the identification of various sample constituents. Applying the thermometric technique, reaction values for the aluminum dissolution in free and inhibited HCl media were used to determine the extract inhibition efficiency. The gravimetric method was carried out using one factor at a time, and response surface methodology. Thermodynamic parameters of activation energy, heat of adsorption and free Gibbs energy of the corrosion inhibition process were determined. Central composite design of Design Expert Software was employed in the response surface methodology. The results analysis revealed that Ricinus communis extract contained phytochemicals of alkaloids, cardiac glycosides, flavonoids, phenolics, phytates, saponins and tanins. The extract adsorption onto the aluminum surface obeyed the physical adsorption mechanism; the activation energy was lower than the threshold value of 80 kJ/mol required for chemisorption. A quadratic model adequately described the relationship between the inhibition efficiency and the inhibitor concentration, temperature and time factors. The thermometric and gravimetric techniques recorded high inhibition efficiencies of 83.93% and 82.61%, respectively, showing that the Ricinus communis extract can be employed to control aluminum corrosion in an HCl medium. <![CDATA[<b>An Electrochemical Sensor Based on Reduced Graphene Oxide Modified Carbon Paste Electrode for Curcumin Determination in Human Blood Serum</b>]]> http://www.scielo.mec.pt/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0872-19042020000100003&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es A sensitive, accurate electrochemical sensor based on reduced graphene oxide modified carbon paste electrode (RGO/CPE) was developed to measure curcumin levels in human blood serum. The as-prepared electrode (RGO/CPE) was verified to outperform bare carbon paste electrode (CPE), with increased oxidation and reduction peaks at +0.505 V and +0.408 V, respectively. Curcumin measurement was performed using cyclic voltammetry (CV) and differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) techniques. RGO/CPE showed a desirable linear response towards curcumin, within the concentration range of 10-6000 µM; the detection limit (S/N = 3) was 3.183 µM. Moreover, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS) and field emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) were applied to gain further insight into the electrochemical behavior of the proposed electrode. The results revealed that the usage of RGO caused increased sensitivity of the sensor response to curcumin; therefore, RGO/CPE can be considered a promising electrochemical sensor for curcumin determination in human blood serum. <![CDATA[<b>Exploring the Capability of Synthesized PVP-Oxime for Corrosion Inhibition of a Mild Steel Surface in a 1 M H<sub>2</sub>SO<sub>4</sub> Solution</b>]]> http://www.scielo.mec.pt/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0872-19042020000100004&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Polyvinylpyrrolidone Oxime (PVPO) was synthesized and studied for mild steel (MS) corrosion inhibition in 1 M H2SO4, at different concentrations and temperatures. The corrosion inhibition efficiency was studied using weight loss method, polarization technique, electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and quantum chemical calculations. The results from weight loss, potentiodynamic polarization and EIS showed that the inhibition efficiency (I. E.) increased with gradual increments in the inhibitor concentration, and decreased at higher temperatures. The polarization study also revealed that PVPO acted as a mixed type inhibitor, and Langmuir adsorption isotherm fitted well for the adsorption behavior. The highest corrosion efficiency was found to be 88.39%, with a concentration of 1000 ppm, and a temperature of 303 K. The corrosion inhibition mechanism has been further proposed, including the support from the theoretical study. SEM images also verified the MS surface smoothening in PVPO presence, and, hence, it has shown to be a good corrosion inhibitor. <![CDATA[<b>Electrochemical Evaluation of the Chitosan-Gelatin Biopolymer as a Detached Film with a Body Simulated Physiological Solution</b>]]> http://www.scielo.mec.pt/scielo.php?script=sci_arttext&pid=S0872-19042020000100005&lng=es&nrm=iso&tlng=es Biomaterials are being used in implants as metallic supports, to restructure bone and tissue in biomedical applications, and so forth. In this study, the assessment of films from the Chitosan-Gelatin system in detached conditions was carried out, in order to evaluate the effect of the electrolyte over the membrane, to simulate a physiological solution. An equivalent circuit is proposed, so as to interpret the process of biopolymer degradation using electrochemical parameters, as well as a reaction mechanism for the membrane's cathodic areas. The gathered information may be associated with the biodegradability ionic diffusion behavior, also in its application as a temporary coating for metal protection control during the corrosion process of biomaterials, such as magnesium, in bone regeneration.